Promoting Learning Amidst Pandemic

A Thematic Content Analysis on the Curriculum Management Aspect of DepEd’s Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan (BE-LCP)


  • Rocky Niño Manire University of Santo Tomas



Pandemic, COVID-19, Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan, Curriculum Management, Thematic Content analysis, Philippine Public Basic Education


The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the basic education system in the Philippines. As a response, the Department of Education devised a Learning Continuity Plan to carry on with the learning process. This paper deals with the uncovering of the curriculum management aspect of the Department of Education of the Philippines’ BE-LCP through thematic content analysis. Findings revealed the four phases of the curriculum management of BE-LCP anchored in the adjustments made in the aspects of learning; these are: 1) Correcting Phase (Learning Content); 2) Connecting Phase (Learning Delivery); 3) Coping Phase (Learning Management), and 4) Collecting Phase (Learning Assessment). Further empirical research on the impact of the BE-LCP implementation in Public Basic Education Institutions across the Philippines is recommended.


Ancheta, R. F., & Acheta, H. B. (2020, September). The new normal in education: A challenge to the private basic education institutions in the Philippines? International Journal of Educational Management and Development Studies, 1(1), 1-19. Retrieved from

Arrieta, G. (2020). The Experiences Of Junior High School Teachers In Online Teaching And Learning During Enchanced Community Quarantine: Inputs For The Learning Continuity Plan For The New Normal In Education. In K. A. PF (Ed.), New Normal: Idealism and Implementation in Indonesia and the Philippines (pp. 383-404). Bali, Indonesia: Jayapangus Press Books. Retrieved from

Bowen, G. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27-40. doi:10.3316/QRJ0902027

Bozkurt, A., & Sharma, R. (2020). Emergency remote teaching in a time of global crisis due to CoronaVirus Pandemic. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), i-vi. doi:

Corbin, J. & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cosmas, M., & Mbwette, T. (2009). Open and distance learning in developing countries: The past, the present and the future. Dar es salaam: Open University of Tanzania.

Darling-Hammond, L., Edgerton, A. K., Truong, N., & Cookson Jr., P. W. (2020). Restarting and Reinventing School: Learning in the Time of COVID and Beyond. Learning Policy Institute.

De Guzman, A. B., & Tan, E. B. (2007). Understanding the Essence of Scholarship from the Lived Experiences of a Select Group of Outstanding Filipino Researchers. Educational Research Journal, 22(1), 49-68.

De Guzman, A. B., dela Rosa, P. S., Catambay, D. J., Centeno, A. M., Cheng, L. A., & Castro, J. A. (2009). From Memories to Diaries: A Portrait of Hope Captured from the Lens of a Nurse Educator as a Breast Cancer Patient. Educational Gerontology, 35, 465-480. doi:10.1080/03601270802708319

De Vera, J. L. (2020). CHAPTER-11 Challenges and Teacher Resilience: The New Normal Classroom Instruction Using Social Media in Philippine Context. In P. Barman, Social Media: Leisure, health, and Education (pp. 83-96). New Delhi: New Delhi Publishers.

De Villa, J., & Manalo, F. K. (2020). Secondary Teachers’ Preparation, Challenges, and Coping Mechanism in the Pre – Implementation of Distance Learning in the New Normal. IOER International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 2(3), 144-154.

Department of Education. (2020a June 19). Adoption of the Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan for school year 2020-2021 in the light of the Covid-19 public health emergency. Retrieved from

Department of Education. (2020b July 20). Policy guidelines for the provision of learning resources in the implementation of the Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan. Retrieved from

Department of Education. (2020c October 2). Interim guidelines for assessment and grading in light of the Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan. Retrieved from

Department of Health. (2020, March 2). Department of Health. Retrieved from

Di Pietro, G., Biagi, F., Costa, P., Karpiński, Z., & Mazza, J. (2020). The likely impact of COVID-19 on education: Reflections based on the existing literature and recent international datasets. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from

Duraku, Z. H., & Hoxha, L. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on higher education: A study of interaction among students' mental health, attitudes toward online learning, study skills, and changes in students' life [working paper]. Retrieved from'_mental_health_attitudes_toward_online_learning_study_skills_and_changes_in_students'_life

Enitan, S. S., Ibeh, I. N., Oluremi, A. S., Olayanju, A. O., & Itodo, G. E. (2020). The 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak: Current Crises, Controversies and Global Strategies to Prevent a Pandemic. International Journal of Pathogen Research, 4(1), 1-16. doi:10.9734/IJPR/2020/v4i130099

Fereday, J. & Muir-Cochrane, E. (2006). Demonstrating rigor using thematic analysis: A hybrid approach of inductive and deductive coding and theme development. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 5(1), 80–92. Retrieved from

Fernandes, N. (2020, April). Economic effects of coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) on the world economy [working paper]. Retrieved from

Fontanos, N., Gonzales, J. F., Lucasan, K., & Ocampo, D. S. (2020, September). Revisiting Flexible Learning Options (FLOs) in Basic Education in the Philippines: Implications for Senior High School (SHS). UP CIDS Education Research Program.

Garcia, E., & Weiss, E. (2020). COVID-19 and student performance, equity, and U.S. education policy. Economic Policy Institute. Retrieved from

Guo, Y.-R., Cao, Q.-D., Hong, Z. -S, Tan, Y.-Y., Chen, S.-D., Jin, H.-J., …Yan, Y. (2020). The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) outbreak – an update on the status. Military Medical Research, 7.

Hernando-Malipot, M. (2020, August 13). Briones confident DepEd ready to resume classes on Aug 24. Manila Bulletin. Retrieved September 7, 2020, from

Hernando-Malipot, M. (2020, May 16). DepEd’s adaptive learning methods amid COVID-19 pandemic gets support. Manila Bulletin. Retrieved from

Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., & Bond, A. (2020, March 27). EDUCAUSE Review. Retrieved from

Holotescu, C., Grosseck, G., Andone, D., Gunesch, L., Constandache, L., Nedelcu, V., . . . Dumbraveanu, R. (2020). Romanian Educational System Response During the COVID-19 Pandemic. The 16th International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software for Education, (pp. 11-19). Bucharest. doi:10.12753/2066-026X-20-171

Jonker, H., Marz, V., & Voogt, J. (2020). Curriculum flexibility in a blended curriculum. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 36(1), 68-84.

Lansangan, R. V., & Gonzales, K. P. (2020). Science Teachers’ Voices in the New Normal Teaching: A Phenomenological Study. IOER International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 2(3), 124-132. Retrieved from

Luo, A. (2020, June 19). What is content analysis and how can you use it in your research? Retrieved from Scribbr:

Mukhopadhyay, B., & Mukhopadhyay, B. (2020, May 5). COVID-19 and ‘Zoom’ for Remote Teaching: Enhancing Student Engagement. The Sentinel.

Nasri, N. M., Husnin, H., Mahmud, S. N., & Halim, L. (2020). Mitigating the COVID-19 pandemic: a snapshot from Malaysia into the coping strategies for preservice teachers' education. Journal of Education for Teaching. doi:

Petrie, C., Aladin, K., Ranjan, P., Javangwe, R., Gilliland, D., Tuominen, S., & Lasse, L. (2020). Spotlight: Quality Education for All During COVID-19 Crisis. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Reimers, F. M., & Schleicher, A. (2020). A framework to guide an education response to the COVID-19 Pandemic of 2020. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Ryan, G., & Bernard, H. R. (2003). Techniques in identifying themes. Field Methods, 15(1), 85-109.

Santos, E. (2020, August 14). DepEd moves the opening of classes to October 5. CNN Philippines. Retrieved from

Schwartz, H. L., Ahmed, F., Leschitz, J. T., Uzicanin, A., & Uscher-Pines, L. (2020). Opportunities and Challenges in Using Online Learning to Maintain Continuity of Instruction in K–12 Schools in Emergencies. [working paper]. Santa Monica, California: RAND Corporation. Retrieved from

Toquero, C. D., & Talidong, K. B. (2020). Socioeducational implications of technology use during COVID-19: A case study in General Santos City, Philippines. Hum Behav & Emerg Tech, 1(5). doi:

Tria, J. Z. (2020). The COVID-19 Pandemic through the Lens of Education in the Philippines: The New Normal. International Journal of Pedagogical Development and Lifelong Learning, 1(1). doi:

Wang, D., & East, M. (2020). Constructing an Emergency Chinese Curriculum during the Pandemic: A New Zealand Experience. International Journal of Chinese Language Teaching, 1(1), 1-19. doi:

Yuriivna, K. O. (2020). Approaches and Techniques for the Continuity of Moving Teaching and Learning Online. [dissertation]. Department of Pedagogy, Foreign Philology and Translation, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics.



How to Cite

Manire, R. N. (2021). Promoting Learning Amidst Pandemic : A Thematic Content Analysis on the Curriculum Management Aspect of DepEd’s Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan (BE-LCP). EDU REVIEW. International Education and Learning Review / Revista Internacional De Educación Y Aprendizaje, 9(3), 171–185.