Human Lactation in the Anthropocene: a Post-pandemic Emergency

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37467/gkarevmedica.v9.3125

Keywords:

Breast feeding, Mothers, Coronavirus infections, Feminism, Public health

Abstract

Human lactation was declared a human right by the UN Human Rights Council in 2016, due to its universal condition, and it is defined as one of the social investments with highest cost-benefit ratio, according to the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Despite all this, its holistic approach as a hypercomplex phenomenon within the framework of human development remains dramatically absent, urgency that has been increased by the syndemic crisis in the cosmological context of the Anthropocene.

References

Azad, M. B., Nickel, Nathan C., Bode, L., Brockway, M., Brown, A., Chambers, C., Goldhammer, C., Hinde, K., McGuire, M., Munblit, D., Patel, A. L., Pérez-Escamilla, R., Rasmussen, K. M.., Shenker, N., Young, B. E., & Zuccolo, L. (2021). Breastfeeding and the origins of health: Interdisciplinary perspectives and priorities. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 17(2), e13109. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13109

Carmona, S., Martínez-García, M., Paternina-Die, M., Barba-Müller, E., Wierenga, L.M., Alemán-Gómez, Y., Pretus, C., Marcos-Vidal, L., Beumala, L., Cortizo, R., Pozzobon, C., Picado, M., Lucco, F., García-García, D., Soliva, J. C., Tobeña, A., Peper, J. S., Crone, E. A., Ballesteros, A., ... Hoekzema, E. (2019). Pregnancy and adolescence entail similar neuroanatomical adaptations: A comparative analysis of cerebral morphometric changes. Human Brain Mapping, 40(2143–2152). doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24513 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24513

Chandni, M.J., Briana, D.D., Di Renzo, G.C., Modi, N., Bustreo, F., Conti, G., Malamitsi-Puchner, A., & Hanson, M. (2020). Building resilient societies after COVID-19: the case for investing in maternal, neonatal, and child health. The Lancet Public Health, 5(11), E624-E627. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30200-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30200-0

Chiriboga, D., Garay, J., Buss, P., Sáenz Madrigal, R., Rispel, L.C. (2020). Health inequity during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cry for ethical global leadership. The Lancet Global Health, 395(10238), P1690-1691. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31145-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31145-4

Clark H. (2021). A commitment to support the world's most vulnerable women, children, and adolescents. The Lancet-Adolescents, 397(1027), P450-452. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00137-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00137-9

Crutzen, P.J., & Stoermer, E.F. (2000). The ‘Anthropocene’. Global Change Newsletter, 41(17-18). https://www.scirp.org/(S(351jmbntvnsjt1aadkozje))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1294525

Hall, K.L., Samari, G., Garbers, S., Casey, S.E., Diallo, D.D., Orcutt, M., Moresky, R. T., Martinez, M. E., & McGovern, T. (2020). Centring sexual and reproductive health and justice in the global COVID-19 response. The Lancet, 395(1175-1177). doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30801-1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30801-1

Indongo, N., & Mutorwa, K. (2017). The practice of exclusive breastfeeding in Namibia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 36(1), 159-169. https://www.gssrr.org/index.php/JournalOfBasicAndApplied/article/download/7581/3690/#:~:text=The%20practice%20of%20exclusive%20breastfeeding%20in%20Namibia%20at%20age%200,4%2D5%20months%20old%20infants.&text=To%20improve%20exclusive%20breastfeeding%2C%20factors,target%20these%20in%20programme%20implementation

Labbok, M., & Krasovec, K. (1990). Toward Consistency in Breastfeeding Definition. Studies in Family Planning, 21(4), 226-230. https://doi.org/10.2307/1966617 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1966617

Lévinas, E. (1991). Ética e infinito. Visor.

Lokugamage, A. U., & Pathberiya, S. D. C. (2017). Human rights in childbirth, narratives and restorative justice: a review. Reproductive Health, 14(17). doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0264-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-016-0264-3

Martínez Casares, J.A. (2018). Análisis cualitativo de la publicidad institucional en la promoción de la lactancia humana: sesgos de género y lactancia auxiliar paterna. [Tesis de Máster]. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos.

Massó Guijarro, E. (2013a). Deseo lactante: sexualidad y política en el lactivismo contemporáneo. Revista de Antropología Experimental, 13, 515-529.

—(2013b). Lactancia materna y revolución, o la teta como insumisión biocultural: calostro, cuerpo y cuidado. Dilemata, 11, 169-206.

Massó Guijarro, E. y Villarmea Requejo, S. (2015). Introducción: cuando los sujetos se embarazan. Dilemata, 7(18), 1-11. https://www.dilemata.net/revista/index.php/dilemata/article/view/368/373

Massó Guijarro, E. (2015a). Conjeturas (¿y refutaciones?) Sobre amamantamiento: teta decolonial. Dilemata, 10(2), 185-223. https://www.dilemata.net/revista/index.php/dilemata/article/view/379/384

Massó Guijarro, E. (2015b). Lactivismo contemporáneo en España: ¿una nueva marea sociopolítica?. Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, 1(16), 193-213. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14636204.2015.1069074 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14636204.2015.1069074

Massó Guijarro, E. (2015c). Una etnografía lactivista: la dignidad lactante a través de deseos y políticas. Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana, 10(2), 231-257. doi: 10.11156/aibr.100205 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11156/aibr.100205

Massó Guijarro, E. (2017a). Introducción: mythos y lógos sobre lactancia humana. Dilemata, 25, 1-12. https://www.dilemata.net/revista/index.php/dilemata/article/view/412000128/508.

Massó Guijarro, E. (2017b). La Plaza de las Pasiegas en Granada: historia (s) de nodrizas. Memorias orales de ayer y hoy. Dilemata, 25, 85-94.

Massó Guijarro, E. (2018). “Le salvé la vida“: el pecho vivido, la leche narrada. Historia(s) de ama de teta, sur de España, siglo XX. Revista Mana, Estudios en Antropología Social, 24(3),186-215. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-49442018v24n3p186. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-49442018v24n3p186

Massó Guijarro, E. (2019). “Leche, lactancia, lactivismo: del fluido al movimiento.“ Pikara Magazine. https://www.pikaramagazine.com/2019/06/leche-lactancia-lactivismo-del-fluido-al-movimiento/

Massó Guijarro, E. y Triviño Caballero, R. (2020). Parto y aborto en tiempos de coronavirus: el impacto de la pandemia en los derechos sexuales y reproductivos. Enrahonar. An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason, 65, 117-130. doi: https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/enrahonar.1305 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/enrahonar.1305

— (2022). So close, so far: Vulnerability and sexual and reproductive rights in the COVID-19 era. En G. Schweiger (Ed.), Philosophical Perspectives on the Social Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Springer. [En prensa]

Massó Guijarro, E. (2020). Cuidado y justicia en tiempos de coronavirus: cuando la empatía no basta. Enrahonar, An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason, 65, 7-14. doi: https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/enrahonar.1313 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/enrahonar.1313

https://revistaselectronicas.ujaen.es/index.php/rae/article/view/1841/1597

https://www.dilemata.net/revista/index.php/dilemata/article/view/412000134/514.

Massó Guijarro, E. (2021a). “Lactancia humana y pandemia: lo que la teta puede hacer por la humanidad“. El País. https://elpais.com/planeta-futuro/2021-10-15/lactancia-humana-y-pandemia-lo-que-la-teta-puede-hacer-por-la-humanidad.html

https://www.dilemata.net/revista/index.php/dilemata/article/view/198/239

— (2021b). Sacando pecho: narrando la vida. En S, Brigidi, C., Cuadrada (Eds.), Maternidades, experiencias y narraciones. Una mirada a través de los campos de saberes (pp. 39-64). Editorial Publicacions URV, Antopologia Mèdica.

http://llibres.urv.cat/index.php/purv/catalog/book/479

McFadden, A., Gavine, A., Renfrew, M.J., Wade, A., Buchanan, P., Taylor, J.L., Veitch, E., Rennie, A. M., Crowther, S. A., Neiman, S., & MacGillivray, S. (2017). Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2(2), CD001141. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub5

Merino Murga, P. (2017). Maternidad igualdad y fraternidad: Las madres como sujeto político en las sociedades poslaboral. Clave Intelectual.

World Health Organization. (2020). Campaigns - Breastfeeding advice during COVID-19. http://www.emro.who.int/noncommunicable-diseases/campaigns/breastfeeding-advice-during-the-covid-19-outbreak.html

Palmer, G. (2011). The Politics of Breastfeeding: When Breasts are Bad for Business. Pinter and Martin Ltd.

Paricio Talayero, J.M. (2020, 1 de agosto). La lactancia, saludable para la humanidad y el planeta. APILAM. https://apilam.org/la-firma-experta/la-lactancia-saludable-para-la-humanidad-y-el-planeta

Payà Sánchez, M. y Martín Badià, J. (2018). Violencia obstétrica: la lacra detrás del parto feliz. En J. Goberna-Tricas y M., Boladeras (Eds.), El concepto “violencia obstétrica” y el debate actual sobre la atención al nacimiento (pp. 69-72). Tecnos.

Rollins, N. C., Bhandari, N., Hajeebhoy, N., Horton, S., Lutter, C. K., Martines, J. C., Piwoz, E. G, Richter, L. M, & Victora, C. G. (2016). Why invest, and what it will take to improve breastfeeding practices? The Lancet, 387(10017), 491-504. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01044-2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01044-2

Ruiz-Hornillos, J., Hernández Suárez, P., Marín Martínez, J.M., Beriain, I.M., Nieves Vázquez, M.A., Albert, M., Herrera Abián, M., Pacheco-Martínez, P. A, Trasmontes, V., & Guillén-Navarro, E. (2021). Bioethical Concerns During the COVID-19 Pandemic: What Did Healthcare Ethics Committees and Institutions State in Spain? Frontiers in Public Health, 9(737755). doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.737755 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.737755

Santracruz Salas, E. (2016). Relación entre el tipo de lactancia suministrada y el gasto sanitario generado. [Tesis doctoral]. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Shaw, R. (2004). Performing Breastfeeding: Embodiment, Ethics and the Maternal Subject. Feminist Review, 78, 99-116. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3874408 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.fr.9400186

Singer, M. (2009). Introduction to Syndemics: a critical systems approach to public and community health. Jossey-Bass.

Sousa Santos, B. y Meneses, M.P. (Eds.)(2016). Epistemologías del sur: perspectivas. Akal.

Sousa Santos, B. (2020). La cruel pedagogía del virus. Clacso-Masa Crítica. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv1gm01nn

Tomori, C., Palmquist, A. E. L., & Quinn, E. A. (2017). Breastfeeding: New Anthropological Approaches. Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315145129

Tran, N. T., Tappis, H., Spilotros, N., Krause, S., & Knaster, S. (2020). Not a luxury: a call to maintain sexual and reproductive health in humanitarian and fragile settings during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Global Health, 8(6), e760-e761. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30190-X. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30190-X

Trischler, H. (2017). El Antropoceno, ¿un concepto geológico o cultural, o ambos? Desacatos, 54, pp. 55, 53. http://www.scielo.org.mx/pdf/desacatos/n54/2448-5144-desacatos-54-00040.pdf DOI: https://doi.org/10.29340/54.1739

Tulleken, C. V., Wright, C., Brown, A., McCoy, D., & Costello, A. (2020). Marketing of breastmilk substitutes during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet, 24(396), 10259, e58. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32119-X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32119-X

Valls-Llobet, C. (2008). Salud comunitaria con perspectiva de género. Comunidad, 10, 61-70. https://pacap.net/es/publicaciones/pdf/comunidad/10/documentos3.pdf

Van Esterik, P. (2017). Foreword. En C., Tomori, A. E. L., Palmquist, E. A., Quinn (Eds.), Breastfeeding: New Anthropological Approaches. Routledge.

Victora, C. G., Bahl, R., Barros, A. J. D., França, G. V. A., Horton, S., Krasevec, J., Murch, S., Sankar, M. J., Walker, N., & Rollins, N. C. (2016). Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. The Lancet, 387(10017), 475-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01024-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01024-7

Walters, D. D., Phan, L. T. H., & Mathisen, R. (2019). The cost of not breastfeeding: global results from a new tool. Health Policy Plan, 34(6), 407–417. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czz050 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czz050

Watts, N., Amann, M., Arnell, N., Ayeb-Karlsson, S., Belesova, K., Boykoff, M., Byass, P., Cai, W., Campbell-Lendrum, D., Capstick, S., Chambers, J., Dalin, C., Daly, M., Dasandi, N., Davies, M., Drummond, P., Dubrow, R., Ebi, K. L., Eckelman, M., … Montgomery, H. (2019). The 2019 report of The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: ensuring that the health of a child born today is not defined by a changing climate. The Lancet, 394(10211), P1836-1878. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32596-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32596-6

Published

2021-12-20

How to Cite

Massó Guijarro, E. (2021). Human Lactation in the Anthropocene: a Post-pandemic Emergency. MEDICA REVIEW. International Medical Humanities Review, 9(2), 63–77. https://doi.org/10.37467/gkarevmedica.v9.3125

Issue

Section

Research articles